Raizal territories, palenques or quilombos

Raizal territories, palenques or quilombos are Black autonomous territories where Black communities have crafted their “re-existence” from the colonial period to the present. The term raizal refers to Afrodescendant Indigenous peoples from the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina in the Colombian Caribbean, who have their own government system and language (San Andres-Providencia Creole, similar to Nicaraguan Creole English still spoken in the City of Bluefields). The term palenque or quilombo refers to territories with a history of anti-slavery uprisings, geographical spaces self-managed by freed slaves during colonial times and preserved historically. There are palenques in Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama,  and Venezuela. This type of organization is often called quilombo in Brazil.